A glassy-winged sharpshooter cell line supports replication of Rhopalosiphum padi virus (Dicistroviridae)

Biblio

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

J Invertebr Pathol, Volume 94, Number 2, p.130-9 (2007)

ISBN:

0022-2011 (Print)<br/>0022-2011 (Linking)

Accession Number:

17113099

Keywords:

Animals, Aphids/physiology/virology, Cell Culture Techniques, Cell Line/ cytology/virology, Diptera/cytology/physiology/virology, Disease Susceptibility/virology, Hemiptera/ cytology/physiology/virology, Insect Proteins, Insect Viruses/genetics/ growth & development/ultrastructure, Lepidoptera/cytology/physiology/virology, Retroviridae/genetics/ growth & development/ultrastructure, RNA, Viral/biosynthesis/genetics, Transfection, Virus Replication/ physiology

Abstract:

Rhopalosiphum padi virus (RhPV) (family Dicistroviridae; genus Cripavirus) is an icosahedral aphid virus with a 10kb positive-sense RNA genome. To study the molecular biology of RhPV, identification of a cell line that supports replication of the virus is essential. We screened nine cell lines derived from species within the Lepidoptera, Diptera and Hemiptera for susceptibility to RhPV following RNA transfection. We observed cytopathic effects (CPE) only in cell lines derived from hemipterans, specifically GWSS-Z10 cells derived from the glassy winged sharp shooter, Homalodisca coagulata and DMII-AM cells derived from the corn leaf hopper, Dalbulus maidis. Translation and appropriate processing of viral gene products, RNA replication and packaging of virus particles in the cytoplasm of GWSS-Z10 cells were examined by Western blot analysis, Northern blot hybridization and electron microscopy. Infectivity of the GWSS-Z10 cell derived-virus particles to the bird cherry-oat aphid, R. padi, was confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot. The GWSS-Z10 cell line provides a valuable tool to investigate replication, structure and assembly of RhPV.

Notes:

Boyapalle, Sandhya<br/>Pal, Narinder<br/>Miller, W Allen<br/>Bonning, Bryony C<br/>Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't<br/>United States<br/>J Invertebr Pathol. 2007 Feb;94(2):130-9. Epub 2006 Nov 17.