The readthrough domain of pea enation mosaic virus coat protein is not essential for virus stability in the hemolymph of the pea aphid


Publication Type:

Journal Article


Arch Virol, Volume 154, Number 3, p.469-79 (2009)


1432-8798 (Electronic)<br/>0304-8608 (Linking)

Accession Number:



Animals, Aphids/ virology, Capsid Proteins/genetics/ physiology, Hemolymph/ virology, Luteoviridae/genetics/ physiology, Peas/virology, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Sequence Deletion


A fraction of the coat protein (CP) subunits in virions of members of the family Luteoviridae contain a C-terminal extension called the readthrough domain (RTD). The RTD is necessary for persistent aphid transmission, but its role is unknown. It has been reported to be required for virion stability in the hemolymph. Here, we tested whether this was the case for pea enation mosaic virus (PEMV) virions in the pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) using RNA1Delta, a natural deletion mutant lacking the middle portion of the RTD ORF, and CPDeltaRTD, in which the entire RTD ORF was deleted. In infected plants, RNA1Delta virions were as abundant and stable as wild-type (WT) virions, while CPDeltaRTD virions were unstable. No RTD of any size was translated from artificial subgenomic mRNA of CPDeltaRTD or RNA1Delta in vitro. Thus, only the major CP was present in the mutant virions. Using real-time RT-PCR to detect virion RNA, no significant differences in the concentration or stability of WT and RNA1Delta virions were detected in the aphid hemolymph at much longer times than are necessary for virus transmission. Thus, the RTD is not necessary for stability of PEMV RNA in the aphid hemolymph, and it must play another role in aphid transmission.


Liu, Sijun<br/>Sivakumar, S<br/>Wang, Zhaohui<br/>Bonning, Bryony C<br/>Miller, W Allen<br/>Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't<br/>Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.<br/>Austria<br/>Arch Virol. 2009;154(3):469-79. doi: 10.1007/s00705-009-0327-7. Epub 2009 Feb 25.